Section 2 – Elective Modules

[Minimum of 12 credits to be selected]

Module Code CE5830 Module Title Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Options for Water Management
Credits 4.0 Pre-requisites None
GPA/NGPA GPA
Learning Outcomes On the satisfactory completion of this module, students will be able to;

·  Demonstrate acquiring a knowledge base on climate and climate parameters, climate variability and climate change, climate change trends, stationarity issues, driving forces and impacts, climate models and scales of computation, main predicted changes and influence on islands and continents.

·  Explain the need for climate change adaptations, considerations related to small islands, climate risks, and analysis.

·  Acquire a knowledge base on Vulnerability and Adaptation to climate variability and change, contribution of adaptation towards sustainable development.

·  Demonstrate the capability to investigate climate change, behaviour on watersheds, evaluate effect on water management infrastructure, effect of water issue schedules.

·  Demonstrate self-learning and solving of open ended problems, methods of verification.

Outline Syllabus ·    Introduction to Climate Change – Historical and recent trends, driving forces, monitoring and predicting, impacts on ecosystems and ecosystem services.  Introduction to atmospheric science: Greenhouse effect; past, present and future climate changes

·    Global Warming. Anthropogenic issues, effects of disciplines -, biophysical environmental impacts, socio-economic and cultural effects. Global and regional level initiatives, international treaties, declarations and global conventions- present status and future needs. GCM and other climatic models, Downscaling, Regional/local scales.

·    Climate issues of irrigation, agriculture, water supply, floods, droughts and spatial variability, risk and uncertainty, importance of hydrological studies, extreme events and long term normals

·     Effects on freshwater systems and ecology – surface water, groundwater, glaciers, estuaries, oceans, human dimension, human settlements and infrastructure, aquatic, terrestrial, and estuarine environmental quality.

·    Analysis for climatic change assessment, statistical analysis of long-term meteorological and hydrological data; weather, trends, climatic and hydrological data analysis, climate change and hydrological modelling.

·    Engineering and Management options for mitigation and adaptation, alternatives, capture of sequester carbon emissions, reducing global warming, renewable energy technologies, efficient use of energy policy, laws, economics, benefits and costs of mitigating and adaptation options, international cooperation.

·    Vulnerability, small island, environmental adaptation to climate variability & change, Extreme climatic events.

·    Self-study, group discussion and seminar on open ended questions, Practical work on project development, Project & fieldwork., Project Based Learning, Field Visits, Seminars (12 hrs)

Module Code CE5831 Module Title Disaster Risk Assessment, Reduction and Mitigation
Credits 4.0 Pre-requisites None
GPA/NGPA GPA
Learning Outcomes On the satisfactory completion of this module, students will be able to;

·     Demonstrate acquiring a knowledge base on principles of disaster risk management and mitigation via components of hazards, vulnerability, capacity and risk assessment.

·     Acquire an understanding on the national initiatives on Disaster Management.

·     Assess the impacts arising from meteorological, hydrological, geo/seismic and coastal hazards.

·     Identify critical design aspects through the lessons from failures and disasters.

·     Develop strategic planning and mitigation for disaster risk reduction.

Outline Syllabus Outline Syllabus

·Principles of Risk and Disaster Management – Introduction to Disaster Management, Risk and its Assessments, Hazards, vulnerability and capacity, Disaster Preparedness, Early Warning, Emergency Planning and Management, Response and Standard Operations Procedures, Administrative, Social and Cultural aspects of Disaster Management.

·Disaster Management Approach – Regional Aspects, Legislation and implementation, Sri Lankan initiatives, Community Based Disaster Management, Leadership roles in disaster management.

·Hazards, Risk Assessment and Mitigation – Hazards in Sri Lanka and in other regional countries. Causes, Occurrence, Forecasting, Early Warning, Preparedness and Mitigation. Real-time/near real-time data acquisition, Nowcasting vs. forecasting, Case Study.

·Design – Lessons learnt, Extreme loading, Failure patterns, Strength and durability, Behaviour of structures, Case Studies, Investigations, Impacts, Guidelines on good practice, Codes of practice.

·Strategic Planning and Mitigation – Strategic Mitigation and Disaster Risk Reduction, GIS and Remote Sensing in Disaster Management, Urban Planning using Hazard, Vulnerability and Risk Maps/Evacuation Maps.

·Practical work on project development, Project & fieldwork.

·Project Based Learning, Field Visits, Seminars (24 hrs)

Module Code CE5832 Module Title Advanced GIS for Water Resources Management
Credits 4.0 Pre-requisites None
GPA/NGPA GPA
Learning Outcomes On the satisfactory completion of this module, students will be able to;

·     Explain the concepts of GIS and RS, problem solving, differences between models, methods and tools, use remote sensing and GIS tools for advanced project purposes.

·     Recognize fundamentals in the use of Remote Sensing and GIS software for water resources applications, Demonstrate the capability to conceptualise a problem for spatial analysis, prioritising problems, develop systematic flow chart for spatial analysis, verify and propose alternatives.

·     Demonstrate capability to consult stakeholders, identify water resources problems, develop spatial analysis models, data acquisition and using overlay models for alternative analysis.

·     Demonstrate the problem solving capability with respect to spatial planning and management, Demonstration of capability to incorporate roles from database creation to decision making for sustainable management of water resources.

Outline Syllabus Fundamentals in the use of Remote Sensing and GIS software for applications, concepts of spatial analysis, incorporating temporal dimension, formats, resolution, classification, incorporation and evaluation of spatial model outputs, GIS and Remote Sensing for hydrologic applications

·Off the shelf software, simple and hybrid software -merits and drawbacks, Modelling in GIS and Field application and verification methods and needs.

·Model building in GIS for repetitive computations, Modelling in GIS, Qualitative, Quantitative and Semi Quantitative modelling and techniques, incorporating systems concepts, objective function, parameters, prioritisation, assigning weights, use of flexible models.

·Model building and Systems approach, physical, environmental, socio economic dimensions, dealing with technical options and superposition of other dimensions, decision parameters and options for sustainable management in an organisational hierarchy.

·Case Study application of remote sensing tools for image classification considering the project objectives.  Case study application using GIS to construct data layers and carryout query, spatial analysis to provide alternative solutions methods of evaluation and verification

·Case study applications in water management- irrigation, soil erosion, watershed management, flood mitigation.

·Practical work on project development, Hands on exercises on tool application, comparison of methods, Project & fieldwork.

·Project Based Learning, Field Visits, Seminars (12 hrs)

Module Code CE5837 Module Title Advanced Coastal Engineering and Estuary Management
Credits 4.0 Pre-requisites None
GPA/

NGPA

GPA
Learning Outcomes On the satisfactory completion of this module, students will be able to;

·     Demonstrate acquiring knowledge on the principles of Coastal Zone Management and application to Sri Lanka.

·     Explain the dynamic coastal environment and the associated hydraulic regimes.

·     Design coast protection schemes and ability to select appropriate coast protection schemes for given hazard scenario.

·     Develop plans and layouts of harbours and the use of appropriate structures.

·     Analyze impact of near shore processes, design rock armoured rubble mound structures and compute forces on piled vertical structures.

Outline Syllabus ·Coastal Zone Management (CZM) – Development of CZM and Sri Lankan situation, Coastal Hazards and Vulnerability, Environmental Problems and management, Environmental impact assessment for coastal projects, Incorporation of physical, social and economic aspects in assessments.

·Coastal Environment – Introduction to the dynamic coastal environment, Tides, Wave generation by wind, Random waves, Probabilistic description of ocean waves, Wave propagation and forecasting, Wave measurements.

·Coastal Hydraulics and Processes – Deterministic wave theories, Small amplitude wave theory, Near-shore processes, Sediment transport, Beaches and coastal erosion, Coast Protection Systems considering possible climate change, Climate Change impacts, Artificial, natural and hybrid methods, Case histories.

·Port and Harbour Engineering – Planning and Design of Fishery harbours and Commercial Ports considering sustainability dimensions.

·Coastal and Harbour Structures – Classification, Wave-structure interaction, Rock and concrete armoured breakwaters, Design of Rock armoured rubble mound breakwaters. Experimental investigations, Wave forces on cylindrical piles and vertical walls.

·Practical work on project development, Project & fieldwork.

·Project Based Learning, Field Visits, Seminars (12 hrs)

Module Code CE5838 Module Title Advanced Water Supply and Sanitation Systems for Engineering Applications
Credits 4.0 Pre-requisites None
GPA/NGPA GPA
Learning Outcomes On the satisfactory completion of this module, students will be able to;

·     Recognize the principles of water, sanitation and hygiene sector.

·     Critically appreciate the importance of planning, implementation and evaluation of water, hygiene and sanitation interventions and engagement with intended beneficiaries.

·     Demonstrate critical understanding of sanitation, water and hygiene interventions and of the ways in which such projects can impact on society, economy and environment.

·     Apply this understanding to the design, evaluation and critique of water supply and sanitation systems for engineering projects and applications.

Outline Syllabus  

·Introduction – Provision of clean water and adequate sanitation as one of the best ways of preventing disease and of maintaining the health of a group of people.

·How provision of these services can be undertaken as a preventive strategy.

·Concept of undertaking such provision through projects.

·Principles and practices – How an understanding of preventive strategy can be put into operation.

·Concepts of health and disease and involvement of the environment, economics and the institutions involved as well as the technical aspects of delivery.

·Principles and practices relevant to the areas so that a water supply and sanitation project can be devised and implemented.

·Advanced Water Supply and Sanitation Systems for Engineering Applications and related case studies, focusing on sustainability aspects.

·Practical work on project development, Project & fieldwork.

·Project Based Learning, Field Visits, Seminars (12 hrs)

 

Module Code CE5839 Module Title Water Resources Systems and Watershed Management for Planning and Management
Credits 4.0 Pre-requisites None
GPA/NGPA GPA
Learning Outcomes On the satisfactory completion of this module, student will be able to,

·     Demonstrate knowledgebase on water resources systems and watershed management for planning and management.

·     Identify available water resources and how these vary in time.

·     Build simple optimisation models demonstrating the incorporation of the sustainable development dimensions.

·     Simulate changes in water quality and relate these to regulations.

·     Evaluate risk in planning for floods and droughts.

·     Plan future demand scenarios based on climate change.

·     Evaluate system management options to optimise water availability.

Outline Syllabus ·Water Resources Systems (16 hrs)–Introduction to how the physical water resources system works, and illustrate the interaction between quantity and quality (chemical, biological, ecological), between surface water, soil water and groundwater, between stocks and fluxes. Explain major natural functions and human use of water resources systems focusing on river systems including groundwater, wetlands, lakes/reservoirs and estuaries.

·Identify basic components to characterise the quantitative and qualitative nature of a water resources system and able to analyse the hydrology of a water resources systems.

·Discuss the main issues of debate in an integrated water resources system underpinned by description of the biophysical, chemical and hydrological processes and their interactions, natural functions and human use of a water resources system.

·Watershed Management (24 hrs)– History and present needs, Watershed management concerns; erosion, flooding, droughts, pollution, food and energy, water security etc., Mathematical modelling in Watershed Management, Principles of soil and water conservation, Important concepts, tools and techniques in Watershed Management, Socio-political, economic and environmental considerations in Watershed Management,  Participatory Watershed Management,  Trans-boundary waters and management issues

·Integrated watershed management and water conservation. Water management systems for environmental protection

·Use of computer application and tools in water resources system management; Simulation and optimisation models using Linear Programming

·Practical work on project development, Project & fieldwork.

·Project Based Learning, Field Visits, Seminars (16 hrs)

Module Code CE5840 Module Title Advanced Remote Sensing and Global Positioning Systems
Credits 4.0 Pre-requisites None
GPA/NGPA GPA
Learning Outcomes On the satisfactory completion of this module, student will be able to,

·     Describe and evaluate GPS and RS tools and methods for water resources management considering associated costs and benefits;

·     Select relevant GPS and/or RS applications and equipment to solve a given water resources management problem

·     Solve, Evaluate and present a sustainable water resources management spatial analysis case study by demonstrating the effect of different Remote Sensing and GPS options.

 

Outline Syllabus ·     Introduction, history of remote sensing, sensors, platforms and their characteristics; Satellite data products.

·     Principles of remote sensing and data analysis, electromagnetic spectrum, atmospheric effects, energy interaction with earth surface features, basic interaction mechanism of soil, vegetation and water.

·     Remote Sensing concepts, reflectance, sensors, resolution.  RS tools including determination of evaporation and soil moisture patterns, and measurement of water levels in surface water systems.

·     Advanced concepts of Geographical Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS), and tools relevant for analysis of (problems in and aspects of) water systems considering socio-society, economy and environment

·     Image interpretation virtual and digital; Image rectification, image enhancement, image classification and accuracy assessment, use of image processing software.

·     Geographical information system (GIS), definition, essential components of GIS, spatial data structure- raster and vector, spatial and non-spatial relationship, geographic database concepts and analysis, GIS packages and salient features.

·     Use of remote sensing and GIS techniques in agriculture, vegetation cover mapping, crop acreage estimation and disease detection.

·     Application of remote sensing and GIS for estimation of surface and groundwater irrigation potential, erosion hazard assessment, water quality assessment, flood inundation mapping and modelling; Drought monitoring; performance evaluation of irrigation commands; Selection of site for artificial recharge, agricultural management and planning.

·     Project Based Learning, Field Work and Seminars (16 hrs).

Module Code CE5841 Module Title Environmental Assessment of Water and Related Infrastructure Development
Credits 2.0 Pre-requisites None
GPA/NGPA GPA
Learning Outcomes ·     On the satisfactory completion of this module, students will be able to;

·     Identify requirement and need of addressing of management issues related to sensitive water environments.

·     Describe environmental laws, legislation, and applications in EIA process, stakeholder roles, rights and responsibilities.

·     Plan sustainable water and related infrastructure development, Incorporation of environmental while incorporating.

·     Conduct environmental feasibility studies to identify impacts, selection of alternatives and propose mitigation measures with related environmental monitoring plans.

Outline Syllabus ·Sustainable Development of water related infrastructure addressing economic valuation techniques.

·Conflicts of development and environment, components of the environment, legislation and institutions for environmental sustainability, methods of evaluation, identification of positive and negative impacts.

·Role of sustainability evaluations in the project cycle, environmental impact assessment, sectoral environmental assessments.

·Introduction: Human concern; Need for environmental impact assessment (EIA); Requirements and levels of EIA; Potential impacts of water resource development projects.

·EIA Procedure: Screening, baseline data, scoping, terms of reference (TOR).

·Environmental Clearance: Guidelines, acts and legislations, codes and country practices.

·Environmental flow: River as habitat, downstream direct and indirect uses, criteria and methods of assessment.

·Soil and Water Quality Management: Effect of project development on soil and water quality, water logging, soil salinity, and contamination, remedial measures.

·Rehabilitation: Submergence effects, rehabilitation guidelines, planning, and procedures.

·Monitoring: Parameters to be monitored, frequency of monitoring, reporting procedures.

·Mitigation measures and selection of alternatives, environmental feasibility studies.

·Practical work on project development, Project & fieldwork.

·Project Based Learning, Field Visits, Seminars (12 hrs)

Module Code CE5842 Module Title Service Delivery Assessment Concepts for Water Supply and Irrigation Systems
Credits 2.0 Pre-requisites None
GPA/NGPA GPA
Learning Outcomes On the satisfactory completion of this module, students will be able to;

·     Describe components of service delivery assessment concepts for water supply and irrigation systems.

·     Recognize framework and key components in service delivery assessment.

·     Develop schemes for composite system reliability evaluation by identifying service quality criterion.

Outline Syllabus  

·Introduction to service delivery, service delivery cycle, building blocks, areas of evidence, enabling, development and sustaining environment.

·Framework and key components in service delivery assessment, institutional and recipient stakeholders, Economic, environmental and field evaluations.

·Practical work on project development, Project & fieldwork.

·Project Based Learning, Field Visits, Seminars (12 hrs)