Section 1 – Compulsory Modules [total of 28 credits]

Module Code CE5802 Module Title Integrated Water Resources Management
Credits 4.0 Pre – requisites None
GPA/NGPA GPA
Learning Outcomes On the satisfactory completion of this module, students will be able to;

·Demonstrate the understanding of the concepts of IWRM, principles and importance of water management considering a catchment based approach, recognise the multi user environments and sectoral concerns applicable to water management.

·Demonstrate the appreciation of tools and processes for, and practice of water resources management including the importance of economic and financial instruments in water management, concepts of social equity, sustainability and institutional roles in river basin organisations.

·Evaluate the role, strengths and limitations of policy approaches used in integrated water resources management.

·Demonstrate the understanding of complexities in socio-political and economic contexts affecting water management decision making.

·Demonstrate the skill and knowledge to study, critically evaluate a field problem and identify alternatives for water resources management within sectors.

Outline Syllabus Outline Syllabus

·IWRM Introduction, Global water resources- status and trends, Principles of water management in terms of quantity and quality, Regional and Sri Lankan water management issues related to competing sectors such as forestry, hydropower, industries, irrigation development and environment, Hydro climate disasters in water resources management (8 hrs).

·River basin approach in IWRM, Water assessment and plans, Information Systems and Public Consultation, Institutional roles, Management instruments.  Analysis of pressures and impacts on water bodies, Modelling and Decision Support Systems (DSS) in IWRM, Sustainable water use- recycling and rainwater harvesting, Urban water management (8 hrs).

·Water demand management, Water policy, Valuing water, Virtual water, Water footprints, Environmental flows, Water economics, Governance and trading, Sustainable water use and Catchment management (8 hrs).

·Gender and stakeholder concerns and participatory approaches in IWRM, Conflict resolution and negotiation, Water law and institutions (8 hrs).

·Project Based Learning, Field Visits, Seminars (24 hrs).

Module Code CE5804 Module Title Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems for Planning and Management
Credits 4.0 Pre – requisites None
GPA/NGPA GPA
Learning Outcomes On the satisfactory completion of this module, student will be able to;

·     Demonstrate the understanding of the theoretical and practical considerations required for conducting a GIS/RS based resource planning and management analysis for decision support.

·     Prepare, manipulate, display and analyze spatial data for resource planning and management.

·     Demonstrate the skill to use a Handheld GPS for field data collection.

·     Demonstrate the skill and knowledge to study, evaluate, and analyze a planning and management problem, to propose alternative solutions for the inclusion of sustainability dimensions using GIS/RS/GPS techniques.

·     Synthesize and present a high quality GIS based project output in a report format.

Outline Syllabus ·     Remote Sensing (RS) concepts, reflectance, sensors, resolution.  Raster data formats, data sources and storage.  Image display, Image correction, Image Enhancement and classification. Application of remote sensing for spatial planning and management (12 hrs).

·     Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS), concepts, components, capabilities, advantages.  Data structures, Raster, Vector, Topology. Data quality, database management, Introduction to maps and mapping, map projection and coordinate system, surface generation. Potential and use of GIS software for sustainable spatial planning and management applications (20 hrs).

·     Introduction to Global positioning systems. Practical use of handheld GPS, Merits and drawback of different systems in comparison to conventional surveying. Potential uses to capture field data of associated social, economic and environmental data (8 hrs).

·     Project Based Learning, Field Work and Seminars (16 hrs).

Module Code CE5806 Module Title Water Resources Project Planning and Management
Credits 2.0 Pre-requisites None
GPA/NGPA GPA
Learning Outcomes On the satisfactory completion of this module, students will be able to;

·Acquire a knowledge base on Water Resources Project planning and management concepts.

·Acquire a knowledge base on Planning Tools-Management Information Systems, Stakeholder consultation, Identification of field problems, project prioritisation.

·Demonstrate the capability to identify parameters to carry out Planning and Management of Water Resources Projects.

·Demonstrate the capability to identify problems and prioritisation, costs and benefits of water resources projects, development of a Project Concept paper demonstrating the incorporation of sustainability dimensions.

Outline Syllabus Outline Syllabus

·Introduction – Project planning and management concepts, Historical background, Project planning in South Asia, Donor relationship and concerns in projects.

·Policies and procedures in project planning – Government and donor considerations, Incorporation of costs and benefits.

·Project planning, formulation, feasibility analysis, project design, project appraisal, negotiations and financing.

·Planning guidelines and formats.

·Project implementation, procurements, consultancy, monitoring.

·Project evaluation-moving and post evaluation. Commissioning and follow-up action.

·Planning Tools-Management Information Systems, Incorporation of social and environmental concerns, Economic evaluation techniques (8 hrs).

·Practical work on project development, Project & fieldwork (4 hrs).

·Project Based Learning, Field Visits, Seminars (16 hrs).

 

Module Code CE5809 Module Title Research Methods for Water Resources Engineering and Management
Credits 2.0 Pre – requisites None
GPA/NGPA GPA
Learning Outcomes On the satisfactory completion of this module, student will be able to;

·     Demonstrate the understanding of research, available methods, suitability of data collection and sampling, and selection of appropriate analysis method.

·     Demonstrate the ability to appropriately use available presentation techniques in research presentation.

·     Demonstrate the skill and knowledge to study, evaluate and identify a research problem ensuring sustainable development, select an appropriate method of execution, establish a method for evaluation and prepare an action plan for research project completion.

·     Demonstrate the skill to write a systematic research proposal in a report format and carryout an effective presentation of outputs.

Outline Syllabus ·     Research Skill Development for water resources research – Literature surveys, Problem statements, Objective settings. Research methods and practices, Selection of appropriate methods.

·     Problem statements, Objective function, Methodology flowcharts, Analysis techniques, Multi criteria evaluation, Work programmes and identification of targets and constraints.

·     Research tools and techniques, scientific survey methods, Survey sampling, Questionnaire design, testing and data collection. Experimental research.  Operational research.  Statistical methods, Evaluation and validation of performance. Criterial selection, Project & fieldwork (8 hrs).

·     Presentation Skill Development – Presentation methods and techniques-writing, speaking, acting or combinations.  Tools and selection.  Norms, sequence, and delivery.  Formats and Guidelines, Use of language and gestures, Time management and cost consciousness (4 hrs).

·     Project Based Learning, Self-learning, Open ended problem solving sessions and seminars (16 hrs).

 

Module Code CE5810 Module Title Water Supply and Sanitation Systems and Water Quality Management
Credits 4.0 Pre-requisites None
GPA/NGPA GPA
Learning Outcomes On the satisfactory completion of this module, students will be able to;

·Acquire knowledge on surface and groundwater pollution.

·Acquire knowledge on the legal framework for pollution control.

·Demonstrate the understanding of the properties of water, characteristics of wastewater, impacts on water quality, quality indicators, and water quality standards.

·Demonstrate the understanding of the water quality linkages and the influence of human activities on the sustainability of the environment when selecting sustainable development options.

·Demonstrate the understanding of the theoretical and practical considerations required for conducting water quality testing.

·Demonstrate the knowledge and skill in the use of water quality measurements, sampling, testing and interpretation using water quality indicators.

·Demonstrate the skill and knowledge to study, evaluate, and analyze a water quality management problem incorporating sustainability dimension and to propose alternatives for sustainable water quality management.

Outline Syllabus Outline Syllabus

·Introduction to Water supply systems, Raw water quality, Water source selection, General considerations for drinking water, Drinking water quality standards, Raw water (surface and groundwater) abstraction, Pre- treatment and storage, Conventional water treatment  methods, Water treatment and processes, Water supply system components, Non-revenue and unaccounted-for water (6 hrs).

·Introduction to sanitation systems, On-site and off-site sanitation systems, Sewerage and drainage systems (combined and separate), Wastewater treatment processes, Removal of organic matter, Nitrogen and Phosphorus, primary, secondary and tertiary treatment, Sludge management (treatment, disposal and reuse), and Solid waste management, Technological options for waste collection, transport, transfer, treatment and disposal (6 hrs).

·Introduction to surface and groundwater pollution, Sources of pollution (non-point and point), Legal framework for pollution control, Identification and assessment (or estimation) of pollution, Methods of pollution control (4 hrs).

·Characteristics, Standards and Indicators:  – General characteristics of water and wastewater – Water quality parameters and measurement; Interpreting water sample results; Sampling, sample preservation and testing; Water related diseases and their control;  Water Quality Standards – Drinking water quality guidelines and standards; Objective water quality and discharge standards; Designated water uses and ambient water quality standards;  Water Quality Indicators – Water Quality Indices as indicators of Quality; Biological Indicators of Water Quality (8 hrs).

·Water quality impacts of human activities on aquatic ecosystems – Surface and groundwater pollution from domestic and industrial sources, Non-point source pollution, DO Sag curve, Impacts from conservative and non-conservative pollutants, Eutrophication, Salt water intrusion into surface and groundwater. Types of aquatic ecosystems and their characteristics, Physical, chemical and biological processes of the environment (8 hrs)

·Water Quality Management – Overview of technologies available for water quality management, Legal and institutional support, Addressing the concerns of the society, Use of rapid tests for water quality monitoring and management.  Alternatives for water quality management to achieve sustainable development (8 hrs)

·Field Visits, Laboratory and Field Testing, Problem based learning on a Water Quality Management Project (16 hrs)

 

Module Code CE5811 Module Title Advanced Irrigation Water Management for Food and Water Security
Credits 4.0 Pre-requisites None
GPA/NGPA GPA
Learning Outcomes On the satisfactory completion of this module, students will be able to;

·Identify and demonstrate essential components of irrigation water management and the concerns with respect to food and water security, Stakeholder and social requirements, and Environmental safeguards.

·Demonstrate the ability to use modelling techniques for sustainable water management.

·Demonstrate the capability to capture and prioritise field problems in consultation with the stakeholders and considering sustainability of water resources.

·Acquire knowledge on the computer applications in Irrigation and Drainage for sustainable irrigation water management and demonstrate the capability to solve field problems.

Outline Syllabus Outline Syllabus

·Reservoir Operation and importance of system water balance (4 hrs).

·Irrigation system management: Performance Assessment, Recognition of Stakeholders, Farmer organizations and farmer participation, State organizations and roles, Integrated management of irrigation and drainage systems (4 hrs)

·Stakeholder participation and role of women. Water conservation, Irrigation-efficiency, Conflict management and equity, Water allocation and controlling techniques (4 hrs).

·Surveying Techniques for irrigation system planning and management for sustainable development (4 hrs), Concepts of planning and Design of Irrigation networks (4 hrs).

·Computer essentials for management, system awareness, operating systems and networking, web accessing and information retrieval.  Computing techniques, spreadsheet applications, detailed engineering applications using spreadsheets.  Programming languages, basic structure of programming, sub-routines, object oriented programming (8 hrs)

·Use of computers for preparation of water management schedules, reservoir operation, design works, design of sprinkler systems. Modelling case studies using specific software for irrigation and drainage design (4 hrs)

·Practical work on project development, Project & fieldwork, Project Based Learning, Field Visits, Seminars (24 hrs)

 

Module Code CE5812 Module Title Advanced River Engineering and Estuary Hydraulics
Credits 4.0 Pre-requisites None
GPA/NGPA GPA
Learning Outcomes On the satisfactory completion of this module, students will be able to;

·Demonstrate a knowledge on river and estuary hydraulics for sustainable waterway design

·Identify and evaluate important parameters and to conceptualise river and estuarine environment for analysis of water and sediment flow, canal and river profiles, associated environmental concerns and to provide mitigation and adaptation options.

·Demonstrate knowledge on sediment transport and modelling of estuarine environment.

·Demonstrate ability to study and critically evaluate a field problem and carryout numerical/physical modelling of channel /river flow to identify alternatives for sustainable development.

Outline Syllabus Outline Syllabus

·Open channel/river hydraulics, steady and unsteady flow in channels/rivers, classification and analysis of flow in channels/rivers, flood routing, trans-boundary flows (6 hrs).

·Controls and transitions in channels/ rivers, hydraulic structures- conveyance, storage, measurement etc.  Hydraulics of channels/pipes, channel/pipe network analysis, hydraulics for hydropower system design, surge chambers, turbines (6 hrs).

·Sediment Transport in waterways, unidirectional sediment transport, bed load, suspended load, sediment transport formulae, Erodible channels, Chanel design addressing sustainable dimensions, Sustainable river restoration (6 hrs)

·Numerical and physical modelling of channel/river flow including social, economic and environmental constraints as boundary conditions (6 hrs).

·Estuarine environmental behaviour, Estuary classification, saltwater intrusion, estuary pollution, estuarine habitats, wetlands, Estuary modelling (4 hrs).

·Practical work on project development, Project & fieldwork (4 hrs)

·Project Based Learning, Field Visits, Seminars (24 hrs)

 

Module Code CE5813 Module Title Advanced Surface and Groundwater Hydrology
Credits 4.0 Pre – requisites None
GPA/NGPA GPA
Learning Outcomes On the satisfactory completion of this module, students will  be able to;

·     Demonstrate the knowledge of hydrologic processes, surface and groundwater concepts, and techniques for environmentally sustainable water resource management.

·     Demonstrate the knowledge of groundwater behaviour, models, parameters, optimisation, engineering and management, the ability to design tube wells and other methods for groundwater access.

·     Apply mathematical modelling for hydrologic evaluations with parameter optimisation, model evaluations and incorporation of water management needs.

·     Study and critically evaluate a field problem considering contributions from each stakeholder and carryout sustainable surface water and groundwater designs for water management.

Outline Syllabus ·     Surface-water hydrology (22 hrs) – Hydrologic cycle, Measurement and analysis of hydrologic and meteorological data, Hydrological processes; Mathematical modelling of rainfall and runoff, Stakeholder consultation, problem identification, prioritisation, identification of optimum solutions.

·     Data and data checking, Reservoir studies, Analysis of extreme events, Hydrologic forecasting, Computer tools and applications, Optimization techniques.

·     Hydrologic design of drainage, Flood control advances in hydrologic computations, Advanced hydrologic modelling and hydraulics modelling, Flood modelling, Introduction to dams and hydropower systems, Dam safety concepts, indicators and management for safety of dams, Design of safe dams, Monitoring and information systems, Incorporation of socio- economic and environmental considerations in the Designs.

·     Groundwater hydrology (18 hrs)– Introduction to groundwater, Subsurface water distribution, flow, quality and chemical composition, Groundwater development, Institutional arrangements, role of public and private organisations, public participation in groundwater management; Environmental concerns, costs and benefits of groundwater development.

·     Low river flows and wetlands,  Occurrence of groundwater, Analysis of groundwater flow, Mathematical modelling of groundwater, Exploration and measurement, Groundwater yield, Environmental relevance, groundwater exploitation, optimization techniques, methods of groundwater investigation, definitions, porosity, transmissivity, storage coefficient, movement of aquifer water, Sea-water intrusion, vulnerable aquifers and protection methods, nitrate problems, effect of pesticides, risk from industrial chemicals, leachates. Remedies for pollution

·     Data and information systems for sustainable groundwater management, Analysis and Management tools, Design of tube wells, hydraulics of tube wells, type of tube wells, components of tube wells. Construction and working of tube wells. Pumping equipment.

·     Project Based Learning and Field Visits, Seminars (16 hrs)